sample-essay

Home / sample-essay

Blog Ratings

Literature Top Blogs


Article Categories


Getting Election in 2020

0 June 06 2017, 13:19 in Political Science Essays



A good day to you, my staff! First, I would like to commend you for the tremendous effort that you all have been exerting in this campaign. This is just the beginning of our journey but I can already see that you will be with me until the end (and even way beyond that). As you may all know, we have a Herculean task to accomplish in the coming months. First, we need to gain the nomination of our party, the Democratic Party, so that we can proceed to the United States Presidential Elections in 2020. Our next goal is, of course, to win the presidency in 2020. You all must remember that the next is a mid-term elections. Considering that the opposing party, the Republicans, are now holding the seat of government, they also possess the mechanisms and budget for their campaign. However, through our continuous hard work, support from our party, and our own faith, I am sure that the Democrats can regain the leadership of this country and, again, steer, this great country of ours towards more towards more compassionate and less aggressive governance.

This memo will serve as our guide in how we will create our agendas in the coming future. The data to be shown here, the results of the American National Election Study (ANES) Survey 2016, should be our basis in aligning our positions in some of the key social issues that America is facing today. Please be guided accordingly.

PART ONE: ANES RESULTS OF THREE KEY SOCIAL ISSUES

Immigration

Based on the results of the ANES Survey, it appears that there are more Americans who believe that when people from other countries legally move to the United States to live and work, this is generally more good than bad to the country. The aggregate percentage of those who perceive positively the coming of legal immigrants to the country is 61.6%, which is a glaring majority compared to those who think negatively of this issue (17.9%). The remaining percentage, 20.8%, neither opposes nor approves of this topic.

The results of this particular section in the ANES Survey coincides with the recent survey results released by the Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel in September 2016. According to the article, "Chapter 4: U.S. Public Has Mixed Views of Immigrants and Immigration from the Pews Hispanic Organization, "U.S. adults are somewhat more likely to say immigrants are making American society better in the long run (45%) than to say they’re making it worse (37%).” Indeed, more Americans think that immigrants to the US bring more benefits to the country as compared to the contrasting view that immigration wreaks damage to the Americans.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 06:11 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

IMMIG_LEGAL

Legal immigration

1-7

8,9

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

Distribution

IMMIG_LEGAL

1: Extremely good

19.5
234.3

2: Moderately good

28.7
344.5

3: A little good

13.4
161.3

4: Neither good nor bad

20.4
244.4

5: A little bad

5.8
69.9

6: Moderately bad

6.3
76.0

7: Extremely bad

5.8
69.6

COL TOTAL

100.0
1,200.0

Data 1. Legal Immigrants, Generally Good or Bad?

Considering these results, our position in the Democratic Party remains to be about the pursuance of legal status to the immigrants in our country, for as long as these immigrants do not have derogatory record, have lived in the US for many years, and have stable source of income. I believe that if we pursue this goal, we can still win the nomination of our party. It is just sensible to allow immigration to the country for as long as the US would reap benefits from it. Allowing immigrant with conditions is more sensible than the total opposition and blockage of new immigrants which is currently being implemented by the Trump administration. Therefore, this will also be our position in the coming US Elections in 2020. Immigrants have long been the economic and labor backbone of this nation since the turn of the 20th century. The US is a prime example of a melting pot society, wherein differences are respected and people from all races are accepted. And this condition should never be changed.

Health Spending: Increase or Decrease to Give Way to Universal Health Coverage

The adage goes, "Health is wealth”, and this belief holds true in almost all societies in the world. The same goes true to many Americans today as based on the results of the ANES Survey. In the aspect of whether the government needs to increase or decrease its spending on health to give way to the policy of creating universal health coverage for the general population, the results of the ANES survey revealed that majority of the respondents favor more the increasing than the decreasing of the health budget. Almost fifty seven percent of the respondents (56.7%) agreed with the notion that there should be an increase in the health budget of the government for universal health insurance. This number of the respondents is higher as compared to the meager 23% who thought that there should be the decrease instead. On the other hand, 20% of those who were surveyed still did not have the definite answer of whether to oppose the increase in government health spending for universal health coverage.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 06:59 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

HEALTHSPEND

Favor an increase/decrease in government spending to help people

1-7

8,9

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

Distribution

HEALTHSPEND

1: Increase a great deal

19.6
234.9

2: Increase moderately

20.0
239.4

3: Increase a little

17.3
207.1

4: No change

20.1
240.5

5: Decrease a little

6.9
82.5

6: Decrease moderately

4.8
57.2

7: Decrease a great deal

11.3
135.1

COL TOTAL

100.0
1,196.7

Data 2. Increase or Decrease Government Health Spending? For Universal Health Coverage

Therefore, the results of the ANES Survey persistently proves the point of the Democratic Party that health coverage should be afforded all Americans, regardless of their racial or ethnic background, economic or social status, age, gender, and other social factors. It should be noted that universal health insurance for all has consistently been the platform of the Democratic Party and this should also remain our position regarding this issue.

If we continue to assert the need for health insurance coverage for all, we can assume that we can win the votes of the American people by 2020. Many Americans believe that health is important and it is the responsibility of the American government to afford this right to all. This is in accordance with the survey results released just last January. According to Kristen Bialik in the news article, "More Americans Say Government Should Ensure Health Care Coverage”, "A Pew Research Center survey taken in January found that 60 percent say that it’s the responsibility of the federal government to make sure that all Americans have health coverage.” What is more interesting to note here is that even before the current debate about universal health care, the opinion of the people is that the government must continue to afford health care to all Americans.

With the present move of the Republicans in the Congress to repeal Obamacare and create a new legislation that will reduce government spending for healthcare, the results assert the evident opinion of the American people that they do not want any reduction in government health spending. Indeed, it is clear that Americans prioritize health and they want the government to support this interest. And we are in the same league as majority of the Americans in this issue. It is the job of the government to ensure that its citizenry is healthy. Health people means that there are more numbers to be added in the workforce that can ultimately drive the US economy forward.

Getting Citizenship of Children by Unauthorized Parents

One of the significant and constantly debated sub-issue about immigration is whether to grant automatic citizenship to the children of unauthorized immigrants. In the past years, there has been partisan view about this topic. And based on the ANES results asking the respondents whether they agree or not to the proposal of automatically granting US citizenship to the children of illegal immigrants, the partisan view of the Americans remain the same, with half of the respondents favoring this move, while the other half . According to the results, 44.4% favor the automatic granting of citizenship to the children, while there is a close 46.6% who disapprove of this. Those who were neither in favor nor oppose was only composed of 20.5% of the total results. Thus, it can be deduced that Americans are still in the gridlock about this issue. There is still no defined public opinion about this matter.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 07:25 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

BIRTHRIGHT_B

Favor/Oppose children of unauthorized immigrants automatically ge

1-7

8,9

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

Distribution

BIRTHRIGHT_B

1: Favor a great deal

11.5
69.5

2: Favor moderately

13.9
83.8

3: Favor a little

7.5
45.4

4: Neither favor nor oppose

20.5
124.3

5: Oppose a little

10.5
63.2

6: Oppose moderately

8.1
49.2

7: Oppose a great deal

28.0
169.5

COL TOTAL

100.0
604.9

Data 3. Automatic Legal Citizenship of Children of Unauthorized Immigrants: Approve or Disapprove?

Therefore, we need to be careful about what position we would release to the public. Although, in general, we support immigration, there are still conditions that need to be considered. Compromise should be the name of the game. Immigrants can come to the US but they must do this legally. I believe that children of immigrants should be automatically granted US citizenship if they are born in the US and if their parents have proper documentation about their stay in the country.

The essence of our position is that no wrong can be easily corrected. Unauthorized immigrants will remain to be undocumented and illegal even if their children are given legal citizenship status. Providing the children with citizenship status while the parents remain illegal and undocumented is very much complicated. How can the parents take care of their children if they have different citizenship? There is the high likelihood that unauthorized parents will be deported if they are found out that they are undocumented and have been illegally staying in the US. What about their children, will they stay in the US or be deported also with their parents?

Therefore, our platform in this matter is to ensure that legal documentation of the immigrants are always in process, while protecting the rights and welfare of children and their families. Through ensuring these two facets, I believe that we can win the sympathy of votes of the Americans.

PART TWO: ANES RESULTS OF THREE KEY SOCIAL ISSUES AS CROSS-TABULATED BY THE DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLE OF "POLITICAL IDENTIFICATION”

Immigration

The results of the ANES survey about the opinion of the respondents regarding whether the legal immigration to the country is good or bad will be based on the party identification, which is Democratic or Republican leanings.

Obviously, those who identify themselves as Democrats believed that legal immigration brings more benefits to the country than the perceived damage noted by the Republicans. In totality, more than half of the respondents who see themselves as strongly Democrats said that legal immigration to the US is good, in varying degrees. Meanwhile, although it is perceived that the strong Republicans would think that legal immigration to the US is generally bad, only 14.7% of these strong Republicans among the respondents though this way. The bulk of the strong Republicans were in the middle and the indefinite position saying that they were not sure about this matter yet. Another interesting aspect of the results is that a considerable number of the respondents who considered themselves as weak Republicans (36.3%) agreed that legal immigration is moderately good to the country.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 07:56 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

IMMIG_LEGAL

Legal immigration

1-7

8,9

1

Column

PID7

Party Identification

1-8

98,99

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

PID7

1
Strong Democrat

2
Weak Democrat

3
Lean Democrat

4
Independent

5
Lean Republican

6
Weak Republican

7
Strong Republican

8
Not sure

ROW
TOTAL

IMMIG_LEGAL

1: Extremely good

26.2
67.1

13.0
18.5

27.2
25.4

19.2
44.2

24.1
28.7

9.5
12.3

17.5
27.2

7.6
4.8

19.2
228.2

2: Moderately good

32.6
83.5

23.2
32.9

35.8
33.4

26.5
61.0

28.5
34.0

36.3
46.9

28.7
44.6

8.2
5.2

28.7
341.5

3: A little good

8.5
21.9

15.7
22.3

14.7
13.7

9.9
22.9

21.2
25.3

10.8
14.0

11.7
18.1

33.8
21.5

13.4
159.5

4: Neither good nor bad

18.0
46.0

24.0
34.1

14.2
13.3

23.3
53.7

10.3
12.2

19.8
25.5

20.5
31.8

42.4
26.9

20.5
243.5

5: A little bad

1.9
4.8

12.5
17.7

3.4
3.2

7.1
16.4

4.7
5.6

8.1
10.5

5.8
9.0

4.2
2.7

5.9
69.9

6: Moderately bad

6.3
16.2

5.4
7.7

.4
.4

7.5
17.2

8.3
9.9

8.4
10.9

8.6
13.4

.7
.4

6.4
76.0

7: Extremely bad

6.5
16.6

6.1
8.6

4.3
4.0

6.5
15.0

2.8
3.4

7.0
9.0

7.1
11.1

3.1
2.0

5.9
69.6

COL TOTAL

100.0
256.0

100.0
141.8

100.0
93.3

100.0
230.4

100.0
119.1

100.0
129.1

100.0
155.2

100.0
63.5

100.0
1,188.3

Color coding:

<-2.0

<-1.0

<0.0

>0.0

>1.0

>2.0

Z

N in each cell:

Smaller than expected

Larger than expected

Data 4. Legal Immigrants, Generally Good or Bad?: Results by Party Identification

Therefore, it could be said that whether the respondents were Democrats or Republicans, a strong majority of them believed that legal immigration has more benefits to the country than damaging results. This is in opposed to the current stance of the Trump administration to totally ban immigration from some countries, especially the Middle East.

Considering these results, it could be said that we can sway the vote of the people to ours if we pursue the platform of noting the benefits of legal immigration to the country. It appears that majority of the Americans today are certain of the different advantages of immigration to the US, as long as this is done in legal manners.

Health policies

Similar with the results given in the previous section of this paper, it is evident that among the respondents who are Democrats, they favored the increasing of the health budget of the government to ensure that all Americans are provided with universal health coverage. Among those who considered themselves as strong Democrats, almost all of them (87.6%) favored the increase of the health budget, in varying degrees. Almost the same rate is seen among those who saw themselves as weak Democrats (74.85) and lean Democrats (75%).

On the other hand, those respondents who were leaning to the Democratic Party had smaller percentages of disfavoring the increase in the health budget. It should be noted that the stance of the Republican Party regarding this issue is not about universal health coverage but giving health insurance to people who have jobs and who could pay for their health insurance contributions. Thus, it is interesting to note that only half of those respondents who considered themselves as Republicans, 38.8% (strong Republicans), 46.6% (weak Republicans), and 42% (lean Republicans), believed that health spending by the government should be decreased in varying degrees.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 09:28 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

HEALTHSPEND

Favor an increase/decrease in government spending to help people

1-7

8,9

1

Column

PID7

Party Identification

1-8

98,99

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

PID7

1
Strong Democrat

2
Weak Democrat

3
Lean Democrat

4
Independent

5
Lean Republican

6
Weak Republican

7
Strong Republican

8
Not sure

ROW
TOTAL

HEALTHSPEND

1: Increase a great deal

38.0
97.2

17.8
25.2

28.9
27.0

18.6
42.4

4.1
4.8

4.5
5.8

10.6
16.5

23.9
15.2

19.8
234.1

2: Increase moderately

31.6
80.9

26.0
36.8

32.8
30.6

18.8
42.9

6.0
7.1

10.8
13.9

9.8
15.2

13.9
8.8

19.9
236.3

3: Increase a little

18.8
48.2

31.0
44.0

13.4
12.5

11.9
27.1

18.5
21.8

16.5
21.2

9.7
15.1

22.3
14.1

17.2
204.1

4: No change

9.2
23.5

15.4
21.8

14.7
13.7

22.7
51.7

29.4
34.8

21.7
28.0

30.9
48.0

27.5
17.5

20.2
239.1

5: Decrease a little

.5
1.2

6.0
8.6

7.9
7.3

5.7
13.0

15.4
18.2

17.1
22.1

3.6
5.6

7.0
4.5

6.8
80.4

6: Decrease moderately

.8
2.0

1.0
1.4

1.6
1.5

6.0
13.8

7.6
9.0

13.9
17.9

6.7
10.5

.0
.0

4.7
56.0

7: Decrease a great deal

1.2
3.0

2.8
4.0

.7
.6

16.3
37.2

19.0
22.5

15.6
20.1

28.5
44.2

5.4
3.4

11.4
135.1

COL TOTAL

100.0
256.0

100.0
141.8

100.0
93.3

100.0
228.1

100.0
118.2

100.0
129.1

100.0
155.2

100.0
63.5

100.0
1,185.0

Color coding:

<-2.0

<-1.0

<0.0

>0.0

>1.0

>2.0

Z

N in each cell:

Smaller than expected

Larger than expected

Data 5. Increase or Decrease Government Health Spending? For Universal Health Coverage by Party Identification

Therefore, it could be said that majority of the Americans today favored the increasing of the health budget by the government to ensure that everyone in the US is afforded a health insurance coverage. Democrats are undoubtedly in favor of the increase; however, a significant number of the Republicans also believed this way. Actually, there has been a decrease among Republican supporters who did not want an increase in the government health spending.

These results are very much favorable to our party. This means that asserting our stance for universal health coverage can gain the support of many Americans, whether they Republicans or Democrats. It appears that the promise of health insurance is favored by many Americans, regardless of their party affiliation. Thus, we must give to the Americans what they want.

Getting Citizenship of Children by Unauthorized Parents

From the results of the ANES survey regarding the opinion of the respondents about the automatic granting of citizenship to the children of unauthorized immigrants, it appears that the expected outcomes of those who were in favor or not favor of this move happened. More than half (62.1%) of those who considered themselves as strong Democrats are in favor of granting automatic legalization to the children of undocumented immigrants in the US. Meanwhile, the weak Democrats (47.5%) and lean Republicans (43.9%) had smaller percentages of approval to this issue, albeit still almost half of the total number of respondents who thought themselves as Democrats.

On the other hand, the Republican respondents had stronger stance on the issue as all the levels of their Republican affiliation (strong, weak, and lean) garnered more than half of disapproval to this move. The results were 71% for the strong Republicans, 66.7% for the weak Republicans, and 72% for the lean Republicans.

Therefore, it could be said that the respondents who were Republicans had more defined and stronger position in not favoring the granting of automatic citizenship to the children of illegal immigrants.

SDA 4.0: Tables

American National Election Study: 2016 Pilot Study

Jun 01, 2017 (Thu 10:15 PM Pacific Daylight Time)

Variables

Role

Name

Label

Range

MD

Dataset

Row

BIRTHRIGHT_B

Favor/Oppose children of unauthorized immigrants automatically ge

1-7

8,9

1

Column

PID7

Party Identification

1-8

98,99

1

Weight

WEIGHT

Case weight

.169250470826436-7.010403943053190

1

Frequency Distribution

Cells contain:
-Column percent
-Weighted N

PID7

1
Strong Democrat

2
Weak Democrat

3
Lean Democrat

4
Independent

5
Lean Republican

6
Weak Republican

7
Strong Republican

8
Not sure

ROW
TOTAL

BIRTHRIGHT_B

1: Favor a great deal

23.1
35.2

17.1
10.4

20.3
8.9

5.5
6.4

.6
.3

9.9
6.2

.6
.5

4.4
1.2

11.6
69.1

2: Favor moderately

28.9
44.0

21.8
13.3

10.8
4.7

7.1
8.2

5.9
3.3

1.4
.9

8.0
6.1

.8
.2

13.5
80.7

3: Favor a little

10.1
15.4

8.6
5.2

12.8
5.6

3.2
3.6

7.9
4.4

5.9
3.7

8.9
6.8

2.5
.7

7.6
45.4

4: Neither favor nor oppose

24.1
36.6

21.3
13.0

15.9
7.0

24.7
28.6

13.2
7.4

16.1
10.0

7.5
5.7

51.9
14.6

20.6
123.0

5: Oppose a little

4.5
6.9

6.4
3.9

23.4
10.3

9.3
10.7

12.5
7.0

14.6
9.1

9.4
7.2

26.0
7.3

10.5
62.4

6: Oppose moderately

2.7
4.1

10.2
6.2

.8
.4

15.5
17.9

4.5
2.6

12.1
7.5

11.0
8.4

.9
.3

7.9
47.3

7: Oppose a great deal

6.5
9.9

14.7
8.9

16.1
7.1

34.8
40.2

55.4
31.2

40.0
24.9

54.6
41.7

13.5
3.8

28.2
167.7

COL TOTAL

100.0
152.2

100.0
60.9

100.0
44.0

100.0
115.6

100.0
56.2

100.0
62.3

100.0
76.3

100.0
28.2

100.0
595.6

Color coding:

<-2.0

<-1.0

<0.0

>0.0

>1.0

>2.0

Z

N in each cell:

Smaller than expected

Larger than expected

Automatic Legal Citizenship of Children of Unauthorized Immigrants: Approve or Disapprove? (by Party Identification)

The assumption that we can derive here is that Democrats, although are in favor of the legal process for the legalization of undocumented immigrants in the US, are not fully in approval of this move, if there is no complete coverage. This means that if legal processes are afforded to one member of the family, then all the remaining family members should also be given such accordance.

This data coincides with a recent poll made by the CNN. According to Tal Kopan and Jennifer Agiesta in their news piece, "CNN/ORC poll: Americans Break with Trump on Immigration Policy”, "Americans disagree with President Donald Trump's immigration priorities, according to a new CNN/ORC poll, with nearly two-thirds of Americans saying they'd like to see a path to legal status for undocumented immigrants rather than deportations.” It seems that for many Americans inclusive legalization is necessary in attaining a harmonized society. Deportation becomes an only option if all the legal processes have been exhausted. Hence, I believe, that we are one with this opinion of many Americans regarding the issue of granting legal citizenship to immigrants in the US.

References:

"Chapter 4: U.S. Public Has Mixed Views of Immigrants and Immigration.” Pew Hispanic Organization, September 28, 2017. Web. Pew Research Center, May 31, 2017.

Bialik, Kristen. "More Americans Say Government Should Ensure Health Care Coverage.” Pew Research Center, January 13, 2017. Web. Pew Research Center, May 31, 2017.

Kopan, Tal and Agiesta, Jennifer. "CNN/ORC poll: Americans Break with Trump on Immigration Policy.” CNN, March 17, 2017. Web. Cable News Network, May 31, 2017.

Order Now
Last Modified: -/-
  • Visits: 44
  • (Current Rating 0.0/5 Stars) Total Votes: 0
  • 0 0

No Comments Yet...

Leave a reply


Disclaimer
eWritegigs.com delivers high quality essays and research papers but only for the primary purpose of serving as guide to students to assist them write their own papers. The essays and research papers should be used only for reference. Further, the services we provide are meant to assist the students by providing them guideline and the essays and research papers provided are intended to be used for research or study purposes only.